I believe in the United States of America as a Government of the people, by the people, for the people,
whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign
Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of
freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I
therefore believe it my duty to my country to love it, to support its Constitution, to obey its laws, to
respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies.
Written by William Tyler Page, clerk of the United States House of Representatives, 1917; accepted by
that House on behalf of the American People, April 3, 1918